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Dodi Hodges, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor

IOSIE: 5 Steps to Analyzing Classroom Misbehavrior

Strategy #: 26

Content Area: Beh./Classroom Mgt.

Grade Level: 4-6

South Carolina Standard

Scarpaci, R. T. (2007). IOSIE: A Method for analyzing student behavioral problems. The                  Clearing House, 80(3), 111-116. Retrieved March 20, 2008, from ERIC database.

Material Needs
The description and steps of IOSIE

1. Identify the problem: A problem only exists if it impedes negatively on learning. A problem could be caused by frustration, ignorance, conflict, displacement or misunderstanding rules, and procedures. It could also be the desire to achieve attention, power, revenge or to avoid failure. Get to the base of the problem, not just the overlying issues.
2. Objectives you want to achieve through the solution: An objective contains criteria "To facilitate learning and encourage self-discipline." Objectives must be measurable and achievable. When forming an objective ask yourself, "What do I want my students to know?" and "How will I know if my students understand?"
3. Solution, which is choosing a strategy to achieve your objectives: The purpose of the solution is to develop self-discipline and responsibility for actions. The solutions must be comprehensive and contain preventative and intervention strategies.
4. Implementation of the solution: Before and during implementing your solution or strategy ask yourself, "Who is to implement the solution?"; "How do you get the cooperation and support of everyone involved?"; "How long do you expect it will take before a positive result is accomplished?"; and "What happens if the solution does not work?" If the final question is not answered, go back and use another solution or strategy. When all questions are answered sufficiently move to the next step.
5. Evaluation and reflection of the results of the solution: To evaluate look back at objectives. Ask yourself, "Are they specific, measurable, and attainable within a defined time frame?" Use the evaluation step to determine if you achieved what you set out to achieve. If the results are not positive then review the whole process with questions such as, "Was the problem really identified?"; "Were the objectives attainable in the time frame?"; "Was the proposed solution appropriate for the objectives?," "Was the implementation done correctly?"; and "Are you sure you did not succeed, even partially?"

To adapt this strategy for a child with mental retardation, write out your strategy and display to the class. This will remind the students of the strategy in place and what you are looking for.

It will help teachers identify and respond to inappropriate behaviors in the classroom and implement strategies to improve classroom management. It will also help students to improve self-discipline.

Research adapted by
Amanda C. Przybylowski


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