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Department of Marine Science
Coastal Carolina University
PO Box 261954
Conway, SC 29528

Coastal Science Center
in the Atlantic Center
(refer to the Campus Map).

Contact Susan Soucy at soucy@coastal.edu
or call


843-349-2219 (phone)
843-349-2545 (fax)

 

MARINE SCIENCE (MSCI)

101 The Sea. (3) (Coreq: MSCI 101L) A non-technical introduction to oceanography for non-majors. Stresses basics of marine science and their relationship to people. Students may not receive credit for both MSCI 101 and MSCI 111. Three lecture hours per week. F, S, Su.

101L Laboratory for The Sea. (1) (Coreq: MSCI 101) Laboratory exercises to accompany Marine Science 101. Three laboratory hours per week. F, S, Su.

102 Environmental Geology. (3) (=GEOL 102) (Coreq: MSCI 102L) The geologic processes and features that affect human usage and development of the earth's resources. Topics include natural hazards such as earthquakes, floods and volcanic eruptions, use of natural resources such as surface and ground water, soils and the coastal zone and contamination control. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week. Offered as needed.

102L Environmental Geology Laboratory. (1) (=GEOL 102L) (Coreq: MSCI 102) The environmental geology laboratory course focuses on active learning exercises demonstrating the dynamic interrelationships of earth's inhabitants, natural resources and geohazards. Specific exercises, conducted in the classroom and in the field, concern the resources and geohazards associated with mineral and rocks, global plate motions, earthquakes and volcanoes, wetlands and coastal regions and land-use issues. Offered as needed.

103 Navigation and Seamanship. (3) An introduction to the theory of electronic, celestial and dead reckoning navigation with each applied to practical problems in the laboratory and at sea. Boat safety, boat handling at sea and in harbor, rules of the road, minor repairs, first aid and use of a boat as a marine sampling platform are presented and applied. One lecture and three laboratory hours per week. F, S.

111 Introduction to Marine Science. (3) (Prereq or Coreq: completion of or concurrent enrollment in MATH 131 or higher, OR an SAT math score of 550 or higher, OR an ACT math score of 24 or higher ) (Coreq: MSCI 111L) An introduction to the general theory and principles of marine science covering the physical, biological, geological, and chemical characteristics of seawater and sediments. Three lecture hours per week. F, S.

111L The Present-Day Marine Environment Laboratory. (1) (Coreq: MSCI 111) Laboratory and field experiences to demonstrate the functioning of the marine environment. Three laboratory hours per week. F, S.

112 The Origin and Evolution of the Marine Environment. (3) (=GEOL 112) (Prereq: GEOL 111/111L or MSCI 111/111L) (Coreq: MSCI 112L) Concepts concerning the origin and evolution of the earth and seas, with geological processes related to their development. The origin and evolution of life including primitive forms in the marine environment. Three lecture hours per week. F, S.

112L Marine Environment Laboratory. (1) (=GEOL 112L) (Coreq: MSCI 112) Laboratory and field experiences to illustrate the process of evolution in the oceans and associated marine life. Three laboratory hours per week. F, S.

201 Scientific Communication. (3) Prereq: C or better in MSCI 112/112L) Multidisciplinary training in the art of scientific communication, including the ability to critically interpret quantitative data and to disseminate the significance and meaning of those data through multiple media, including graphic representation, written explanation, and oral presentation. F, S.

301 Physical Oceanography. (3) (Prereq: Students must earn a grade of C or better in MSCI 112, MATH 160 and PHYS 211) (Coreq: MSCI 301L) A comprehensive study of the field of physical oceanography. Topics include physical properties of the ocean, ocean dynamics, air-sea interactions, waves, tides, and the ocean’s role in climate. In the lab, students analyze real-time global ocean data and quantitative analysis skills are developed. Three lecture hours per week. F, S.

301L Physical Oceanography Laboratory. (1) (Coreq: MSCI 301) The laboratory will demonstrate the topics and principles presented in lecture. Three laboratory hours per week. F, S.

302 Marine Biology. (3) (Writing Intensive) (=BIOL 302) (Prereq: MSCI 112 and BIOL 122) (Coreq: MSCI 302L) Study of the adaptive and evolutionary mechanisms by which organisms are able to occupy the various marine habitats. The evolutionary development of the diversity of marine organisms. Three lecture per week. F, S.

302L Marine Biology Laboratory. (1) (Writing Intensive) (=BIOL 302L) (Coreq: MSCI 302) The laboratory demonstrates the topics and principles presented in lecture. Three laboratory hours per week. F, S.

303 Aquaculture. (3) (Prereq: MSCI 112 and BIOL 122) A general introduction to the principles of culturing organisms, including types of culture, water quality, feeding, breeding, and diseases of common species. Three lecture hours per week. Each student will be required to give an oral presentation. Offered as needed.

304 Marine Geology. (3) (=GEOL 304) (Prereq: MSCI 112) (Coreq: MSCI 304L) A comprehensive study of the origin and development of the major structural features of ocean basins and the continental margins. Discussion of the techniques used in obtaining geological data and the interpretation of processes, vulcanism and the stratigraphy of ocean basins. Three lecture hours per week. F, S.

304L Marine Geology Laboratory. (1) (=GEOL 304L) (Coreq: MSCI 304) The laboratory demonstrates the topics and principles presented in lecture. Three laboratory hours per week. F, S.

305 Marine Chemistry. (3) (Writing Intensive) (Prereq: MATH 131 or above and a grade of C or better in MSCI 111 and MSCI 112) (Coreq: MSCI 305L and CHEM 112/112L) An introduction to the chemistry of seawater, marine organisms and sediments. The impact of humans on the biogeochemistry of the ocean is emphasized. Laboratories involve the collection and chemical analysis of sea water. Techniques of solving word problems are developed during recitation. F, S.

305L Marine Chemistry Laboratory. (1) (Writing Intensive) (Coreq: MSCI 305) The laboratory demonstrates the topics and principles presented in lecture. Three laboratory hours per week. F, S.

311 Hydrographic Techniques. (3) (Prereq: MSCI 111) (Coreq: MSCI 311L) Basic electrical and mechanical skills needed to operate standard shipboard oceanographic equipment. Maintenance and troubleshooting techniques will also be covered Each student will be required to give an oral presentation. Two lecture hours per week. F.

311L Hydrographic Techniques Laboratory. (1) (Coreq: MSCI 311) The laboratory demonstrates the topics and principles presented in lecture. Three laboratory hours per week. F.

316 Sedimentary Geology. (3) (=GEOL 316) (Prereq: GEOL 102, GEOL 111, GEOL 112, or MSCI 112) (Coreq: MSCI 316L) Introduction to concepts and practices in the field of sedimentary geology including classical stratigraphic concepts, elementary sedimentary petrology and depositional environments. Each student will be required to give an oral presentation. Three lecture hours per week. F, odd years.

316L Sedimentary Geology Laboratory. (1) (=GEOL 316L) (Coreq: MSCI 316) The laboratory demonstrates the topics and principles presented in lecture. Three laboratory hours per week. F, odd years.

318 Physical Analysis of Sediments. (3) (=GEOL 318) (Prereq: permission of the instructor) (Coreq: MSCI 318L) Detailed treatment of modern approaches to sedimentary analysis including textural and structural studies, mineral separation, beneficiation, and suspended sediment treatment of unconsolidated laboratory materials. Each student is required to give an oral presentation. Three lecture hours per week. Offered as needed.

318L Physical Analysis of Sediments Laboratory. (1) (=GEOL 318L) (Coreq: MSCI 318) The laboratory demonstrates the topics and principles presented in lecture. Three laboratory hours per week. Offered as needed.

321 Atmospheric Science. (3) (Prereq: A grade of C or better in PHYS 211) (Coreq: MSCI 321L) An introduction to the fundamentals of atmospheric physics, meteorology, and climatology. All scales of atmospheric phenomena are examined from the global circulation to hurricanes. Emphasis is placed on current concerns such as ozone depletion, acid rain, and global warming. Three lecture hours per week. S, odd years.

321L Atmospheric Science Laboratory. (1) (Coreq: MSCI 321) The laboratory demonstrates the topics and principles presented in lecture, and students analyze real-time global data available on the Internet. Three laboratory hours per week. S, odd years.

331 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Remote Sensing. (3) (=ENVI 331) (Prereq: One Statistics course) (Coreq: MSCI 331L) An introduction to the fundamental concepts of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and remote sensing. Using a database tied to particular geographic coordinates, a GIS is an automated system for storing, transforming, analyzing and displaying spatial data. This course discusses input methods, data storage, data accuracy, data models, types of query and analysis, and map output. Each student designs, conducts and presents a semester research project. Three lecture hours per week. F.

331L Introduction to Geographic Information Systems Laboratory. (1) (=ENVI 331L) (Coreq: MSCI 331) The laboratory demonstrates the topics and principles presented in lecture. It introduces students to GIS computer software and the collection, entry, storage, query, analysis and presentation of spatial data. Three laboratory hours per week. F.

355 Introduction to Environmental Ecotoxicology. (3) (Prereq: CHEM 111/111L, CHEM 112/112L, BIOL 121, and MATH 160) (Coreq: MSCI 355L) Introduction to the impacts of pollutants upon ecological systems from a molecular to global perspective, the fate and transformation of chemical contaminants in the biosphere. Emphasis is placed on the integration and assimilation of chemical, biological and mathematical principles as they relate to the field of ecotoxicology. S, even years.

355L Introduction to Environmental Ecotoxicology Laboratory. (1) (Coreq: MSCI 355) The lab focuses on quantitative inquiry-based exercises as well as an introduction to the techniques and analytical instrumentation used to detect and quantify contaminants in the environmental matrices. S, even years.

376 Biology of Sea Turtles. (2) (Prereq: MSCI 302, BIOL 122 or permission of the instructor) A comprehensive investigation of the evolution, biology, and ecology of sea turtles (order Chelonia) will be covered in this course. Topics to be focused on include: phylogeny, molecular evolution, anatomy, reproduction, ontogenetic changes, sensory capabilities, navigation, feeding behaviors, diving physiology, thermal biology, ecological roles, and matters of conservation. Eight lecture hours per week during the Summer. Su, even years.

376L Biology of Sea Turtles Laboratory. (1) (Coreq: MSCI 376) The laboratory demonstrates the topics and principles presented in lecture, involves field research, and conservation and regulatory interest site visitation. Eight to ten hours per week. Su, even years.

395 Internship Experience in Marine Science. (0) (Prereq: permission of the instructor and approved contract) Supervised and evaluated study in the laboratory or field. If desired, a student may register for MSCI 398 or MSCI 399 in subsequent semesters, and be awarded credit at the rate of 1 credit for every 50 hours of supervised study in the laboratory or field. May, Su.

398 Q* Internship in Marine Science. (1-12) (Prereq: minimum cumulative GPA of 2.5 and at least one marine science course at the 300 level or above. A contract must be approved by the instructor/faculty coordinator, off-campus supervisor, and the department chair by the time of registration) Work experience related to marine science or a related field, as part of an approved internship with primary supervision by a non-faculty member. Requires a minimum of 50 hours of on-site, supervised, and evaluated student work experience per credit. The course may be taken for up to 12 credits, but no more than 6 total credits of MSCI 398, MSCI 399, MSCI 497, MSCI 498, and MSCI 499 may be used for major credit. F, S, Su.

399 Q* Independent Study. (1-4) (Prereq: A contract must be approved by the instructor and the department chair by the time of registration) Directed study of specific topics related to marine science. No more than 6 total credit hours of MSCI 398, MSCI 399, MSCI 497, MSCI 498, and MSCI 499 may be used for major credit. F, S, Su.

401 Environmental Chemistry. (3) (Prereq: BIOL 121 and CHEM 112/112L) (Coreq: MSCI 401L) An introduction to the chemistry of natural and industrial processes. Current governmental approaches to regulation, treatment and storage of human wastes are also covered. Each student is required to give an oral presentation. Three lecture hours per week. S, odd years.

401L Environmental Chemistry Laboratory. (1) (Coreq: MSCI 401) The laboratory demonstrates the topics and principles presented in lecture. Three laboratory hours per week. S, odd years.

402 Analytical and Field Methods in Environmental Chemistry. (3) (Prereq: MSCI 305 or CHEM 321 or by permission of the instructor) (Coreq: MSCI 402L) Laboratory analysis and field sampling skills needed to conduct measurements of chemical and physical characteristics of water, soils, organisms, and the atmosphere. EPA methods including statistical techniques for quality control and assurance are taught, as well as techniques for computerized data recording, calculation, graphical presentation, and library researching. Students are given a background in instrumental theory for all equipment used. Each student is required to give an oral presentation. Three lecture hours per week. Offered as needed.

402L Analytical and Field Methods in Environmental Chemistry Laboratory. (1) (Coreq: MSCI 402) The laboratory demonstrates the topics and principles presented in lecture. Three laboratory hours per week. Offered as needed.

416 Hydrogeology. (3) (=GEOL 416) (Prereq: MSCI 304 or permission of the instructor) This course will cover the elements of the hydrologic cycle, emphasizing ground and surface water movement through the hydrologic system. Topics will include hydrogeology, streams and floods, estuarine and wetland hydrology, properties of water, and the hydrologic continuum between rivers and the sea. Lecture will focus on theoretical aspects of water movement and the hydrologic system. Three lecture hours per week. Offered as needed.

416L Hydrogeology Laboratory. (1) (=GEOL 416L) (Coreq: MSCI 416) The laboratory demonstrates the topics and principles presented in lecture. Three laboratory hours per week. Offered as needed.

420 Advanced Environmental Science. (3) (=ENVI 420) (Prereq: BIOL 122, MATH 160, CHEM 112 and PHYS 201 or PHYS 211) (Coreq: MSCI 420L) Students actively investigate the earth system along with current environmental issues. Emphasis is placed on the integration of the many subsystems that comprise the earth system. Environmental issues are scientifically explored in an effort to develop sustainable solutions. The lab is project oriented, including both a local environmental study and a global remote sensing study. Three lecture hours per week. S, even years.

420L Advanced Environmental Science Laboratory. (1) (=ENVI 420L) (Coreq: MSCI 420) The laboratory demonstrates the topics and principles presented in lecture. Three laboratory hours per week. S, even years.

440 Applied Coastal Geophysics. (3) (Prereq: MSCI 304/304L). (Coreq: MSCI 440L) A major discipline of the geosciences, geophysics is the study of the earth by quantitative physical methods, such as electromagnetic, gravitational, and acoustic/seismic techniques. This course offers a survey of geophysical principles and techniques commonly used in geologic and oceanographic research and studies. The theoretical basis for various techniques is examined and direct applications are emphasized in class and the accompanying lab. Three lecture hours per week. S, odd years.

440L Applied Coastal Geophysics Laboratory. (1) (Coreq: MSCI 440). The laboratory demonstrates the topics and principles presented in lecture. Three laboratory hours per week. S, odd years.

444 Long-Term Climate and Landscape Change. (3) (Prereq: MSCI 304) (Coreq: MSCI 444L) This multidisciplinary course will examine climate change and its effect on earth systems over varying time scales. It will explore climatic response to atmospheric and oceanic changes and the resulting change on the landscape and biota. S, even years.

444L Long-Term Climate and Landscape Change Laboratory. (1) (Coreq: MSCI 444) The laboratory demonstrates principles and topics presented in lecture. Field trips will highlight changes to the regional landscape and biota in response to longer term climatic change. S, even years.

445 Coastal Processes. (3) (Prereq: MSCI 304 and MATH 161 or permission of the instructor) (Coreq: MSCI 445L) A comprehensive study of the physical and geological processes controlling the morphology and circulation within the coastal ocean. Beach, estuarine and shelf processes and environments are examined in detail. The importance of these processes to coastal management and protection is addressed. The course includes a laboratory where students will undertake a field study examining coastal processes and respond to, as well as discuss, relevant papers from the literature. Three lecture per week. Offered as needed.

445L Coastal Processes Laboratory. (1) (Coreq: MSCI 445) The laboratory demonstrates the topics and principles presented in lecture. Three laboratory hours per week. Offered as needed.

455 Marine Botany. (3) (=BIOL 455) (Prereq: BIOL 122 or MSCI 302, or permission of the instructor) (Coreq: MSCI 455L) A field course in marine flora with emphasis on ecology and functional morphology. Work will stress the roles of marine bacteria, fungi, algae and angiosperms in coastal marine communities. Three lecture per week. F.

455L Marine Botany Laboratory. (1) (=BIOL 455L) (Coreq: MSCI 455) The laboratory demonstrates the topics and principles presented in lecture. Three laboratory hours per week. Offered as needed.

457 Marine Zooplankton. (3) (Prereq: MSCI 302 or BIOL 310) (Coreq: MSCI 457L) An introduction to the zooplankton populations found in coastal and oceanic waters. History of the field, sampling, ecological relationships, feeding, reproduction, and predator-prey interactions. Laboratory deals with the morphology and taxonomy of the major groups. Three lecture hours per week. Offered as needed.

457L Marine Zooplankton Laboratory. (1) (Coreq: MSCI 457) The laboratory demonstrates the topics and principles presented in lecture. Three laboratory hours per week. Offered as needed.

458 Fisheries Science. (3) (Prereq: MSCI 302 and MATH 160) An introduction to the practices and techniques of fisheries science. Topics include analytical and empirical models, stock assessment, age and growth analysis, mortality, recruitment and yield, production and early live history, harvesting techniques, and detailed study of important fisheries. F, even years.

458L Fisheries Science Laboratory. (1) (Coreq: MSCI 458) The laboratory demonstrates the topics and principles presented in lecture. F, even years.

466 Diseases and Parasites of Aquatic Organisms. (3) (Prereq: MSCI 302) (Coreq: MSCI 466L) A comprehensive survey of the diversity of diseases and parasites affecting aquatic organisms. Particular focus will be placed on marine fishes and shellfishes in aquaculture environments. Major topics include identification of parasites and pathogens, life histories, host defenses, pathology and ecological or economic impacts. Pathogens and parasites will include viruses, bacteria, protozoans, helminthes and arthropods. Three lecture hours per week. F, odd years.

466L Diseases and Parasites of Aquatic Organisms Laboratory. (1) (Prereq: MSCI 302) (Coreq: MSCI 466) This course involves group work in both the field and lab culminating with an oral presentation. Three laboratory hours per week. F, odd years.

471 Biology of Marine Mammals. (3) (Prereq: MSCI 302 or BIOL 370) (Coreq: MSCI 471L) A comprehensive of the biology and ecology of marine mammals, including the cetaceans, pinnipeds, sirenians, sea otters, and polar bears. Major topics include evolution and classification, anatomy and physiology, sensory biology, communication, feeding, ecology and energetics, social and reproductive behavior, and life history. Three lecture hours per week. S.

471L Biology of Marine Mammals Laboratory. (1) (Coreq: MSCI 471) The laboratory demonstrates the topics and principles presented in lecture. Each student will be required to give an oral presentation. Three laboratory hours per week. S.

472 Population Biology of Marine Organisms. (3) (Prereq: MSCI 302/302L or permission of the instructor) The course will cover principles of population Biology as related to marine organisms emphasizing theoretical and applied aspects of natural population dynamics and regulation, and development of skills for modeling and managing coastal marine populations. Specific topics covered include concepts of linear and nonlinear dynamics, demography, life history evolution, density dependence, population interaction models, individual based models, and larval ecology. Offered as needed.

472L Population Biology of Marine Organisms Laboratory. (1) (Prereq: MSCI 302/302L or permission of the instructor) Laboratory accompanying MSCI 472. Offered as needed.

473 Biology of Sharks. (3) (Prereq: BIOL 122 and permission of the instructor) (Coreq: MSCI 473L) An introduction to the biology of sharks. Lecture component covers evolution, anatomy, behavior, natural history, physiology, conservation, and ecology. Classes will be held on campus and/or at a Field Station. Su.

473L Biology of Sharks Laboratory. (1) (Coreq: MSCI 473) Lab topics will include taxonomy, diversity, anatomy, and physiology. Field activities will include capture, identification, work-up, and tagging of sharks; telemetry tracking; and observation of shark behavior in both their natural habitat and captivity. This laboratory will be held on campus, in local waters, and/or at a Field Station. Su.

474 Ecosystems Analysis. (3) (Prereq: permission of the instructor) (Coreq: MSCI 474L) The formulation of compartment models of marine and terrestrial ecosystems with complex nutrient cycling, food chains and energy flow. Analog and digital simulation techniques investigating ecosystem stability, sensitivity, organization structure and diversity. Three lecture hours per week. Offered as needed.

474L Ecosystems Analysis Laboratory. (1) (Coreq: MSCI 474) The laboratory demonstrates the topics and principles presented in lecture. Three laboratory hours per week. Offered as needed.

475 Marine Ecology. (3) (Prereq: MSCI 302) (Coreq: MSCI 475L) Principles of organismic environmental interactions in various marine habitats. Emphasis on marshes, estuaries, and coastal waters. Each student is required to give an oral presentation. Three lecture hours per week. F.

475L Marine Ecology Laboratory. (1) (Coreq: MSCI 475) The laboratory demonstrates the topics and principles presented in lecture. Three laboratory hours per week. F.

476 Marine Plankton. (3) (Prereq: MSCI 302) (Coreq: MSCI 476L) This course explores the structure and function of planktonic communities. The role of phytoplankton, zooplankton and bacteria are examined in detail. Concepts such as: mineral cycling, energy flow, predator/prey relationships, trophic interactions as well as spatial and temporal dynamics are investigated in lecture, discussion, and an integrated laboratory setting. Three lecture hours per week. S, odd years.

476L Marine Plankton Laboratory. (1) (Coreq: MSCI 476) The laboratory will demonstrate the topics and principles presented in lecture. The laboratory consists of field studies conducted in estuarine and marine environments and may require weekend commitments. Three laboratory hours per week. S, odd years.

477 Ecology of Coral Reefs. (3) (Prereq: permission of the instructor) Principles of organization, structure, productivity and biological diversity of coral reef ecosystem, with emphasis on their sensitivity and stability. Three lecture hours per week plus a two-week field experience on a tropical coral reef. Su.

478 Marine Invertebrate Zoology. (3) (Prereq: MSCI 302/302L or BIOL 370/370L) (Coreq: MSCI 478L) A comprehensive survey of the functional morphology, life history, ecology, and relationships between marine invertebrate taxa. Focus will be on the Porifera, Cnidaria, Ctenophora, Platyhelminthes, Annelida, Arthropoda, Mollusca, Echinodermata, and invertebrate members of Chordata. Global issues related to invertebrates and their roles in food webs, fisheries, and aquaculture will also be discussed. Three lecture hours per week. F.

478L Marine Invertebrate Zoology Laboratory. (1) (Prereq: MSCI 302/302L or BIOL 370/370L) (Coreq: MSCI 478) The laboratory demonstrates the topics and principles presented in lecture. Field and laboratory activities will emphasize observational skills for analyses of the structural adaptations of live marine and estuarine invertebrates. Three laboratory hours per week. Some field trips may extend beyond the class period. F.

479 Marine Benthic Ecology. (3) (Prereq: MSCI 302) (Coreq: MSCI 479L) This course presents a comprehensive review of the structure and function of soft bottom marine communities. Taxonomic coverage ranges from microbial members (bacteria and microphytobenthos) to megafauna and demersal fishes. Ecological predation, cryptic coloration, diversity, benthic pelagic coupling and more. Three lecture hours per week. S, even years.

479L Marine Benthic Ecology Laboratory. (1) (Coreq: MSCI 479) The laboratory demonstrates the topics and principles presented in lecture. The lab involves group work in the field and laboratory culminating with oral presentations at the end of the course. Three laboratory hours per week. S, even years.

487, 488, 489 Selected Topics in Marine Science. (1-4) (Prereq: permission of the instructor) These topics are designed to allow the development of seminars and courses in special areas of marine science. Offered as needed.

495 Marine Environmental Issues. (3) (Prereq: MSCI 301 or MSCI 302 or MSCI 304 or MSCI 305 or by permission of the instructor) (Coreq: MSCI 495L) Theoretical and applied approaches to present day environmental problems are presented and critically discussed. Emphasis is placed on the solutions and future impacts. Students are presented overviews of several environmental issues and will generate a comprehensive analysis of the associated technical, economic, social and political issues and proposed solutions. The class meets with several state and federal agencies involved in present day environmental issues providing students with exposure to "real world" applications. Each student will be required to give an oral presentation. Three lecture hours per week. S.

495L Marine Environmental Issues Laboratory. (1) (Coreq: MSCI 495) The laboratory demonstrates the topics and principles presented in lecture. Three laboratory hours per week. S.

497 Q* Marine Science Senior Thesis. (3) (Prereq: Completion of the Marine Science Core or permission of the Department Chair. A contract must be approved by the instructor and the Department Chair by the time of registration.) Each student plans and executes an original research project with guidance and supervision of a Marine Science faculty member. Results are presented in written and oral form. Senior thesis is strongly suggested for students intending to pursue graduate studies. No more than 6 total credit hours of MSCI 398, MSCI 399, MSCI 497, MSCI 498, and MSCI 499 may be used for major credit. F, S, Su.

498 Q* Research Internship. (1-12) (Prereq: minimum cumulative GPA of 2.5 and at least one marine science course at the 300 level or above. A contract must be approved by the instructor/faculty coordinator, off-campus supervisor, and the department chair by the time of registration) Research experience related to marine science or a related field, as part of an approved internship with primary supervision by a non-faculty member. The student must complete a directed research project and a research paper or summary presentation as part of the internship. Requires a minimum of 50 hours of on-site, supervised, and evaluated student work experience per credit. The course may be taken for up to 12 credits, but no more than 6 total credits of MSCI 398, MSCI 399, MSCI 497, MSCI 498, and MSCI 499 may be used for major credit. F, S, Su.

499 Q* Directed Undergraduate Research. (3-6) (Prereq: A contract must be approved by the instructor and the Department Chair by the time of registration) Structured undergraduate research projects conducted with faculty direction and participation. Projects explore marine or related problems using the scientific method. One conference and no less than five laboratory or field research hours are expected per week. No more than 6 total credit hours of MSCI 398, MSCI 399, M SCI 497, MSCI 498, and MSCI 499 may be used for major credit. F, S, Su.