Paul Gayes - Coastal Carolina University
In This Section

Paul Gayes, Ph.D.

Executive Director, Burroughs and Chapin Center for Marine and Wetland Studies

Contact Paul Gayes, Ph.D.

Coastal Science Center 123

Office Hours: By appointment


Ph.D., Coastal Oceanography, Marine Sciences Research Center, State University of New York at Stony Brook  
M.S., Geoscience-Geology, The Pennsylvania State University  
B.S., Earth and Space Sciences-Geology, State University of New York at Stony Brook

Paul Gayes' vita

Research Interests

  • Coastal Process / Response; Relative Sea Level, Storm Impacts
  • Geologic Framework of Coastal Systems
  • Marine Renewable Energy

Courses Taught

  • CMSS 608 Coastal / Marine System Science, Issues and Applications
  • CMSS 609 Coastal / Marine System Science Seminar
  • MSCI 545 Coastal Processes
  • MSCI 495 Marine Environmental Issues

Boards and Panels

  • South Carolina Regulatory Task Force on Clean Energy 2009-2010
  • South Carolina Governors Advisory Committee on Climate, Energy and Commerce (2007-2009)
  • South Carolina Ocean Planning Committee (2007-2012)
  • South Carolina Shoreline Change Advisory Committee (DHEC-OCRM) (2007-2010)
  • Program Advisory Board-South Carolina Sea Grant Consortium (2005-present)
  • South Carolina Sea Grant Consortium PAB Finance Committee (2007-present)
  • Gray Reef National Marine Sanctuary Research Advisory Board (2006-present)
  • South Carolina Task Force for Inner Continental Shelf Sand Resources and Critical Habitats Mineral Management Service-INTERMAR 1994-2004)
  • International Geologic Correlation Programme (UNESCO) Project 367, Member of the American Working Group International Project Secretary (1993-1997)
  • International Geologic Correlation Programme (UNESCO) Project 274, Member of the American Working Group (1988 1992)


Recent Publications


Pietrafesa, L.J., S. Bao, P.T. Gayes, D.D. Carpenter, 2022, v.36, n. 8, p. 10-96-1103. . On the Variability and Trends of the Florida Current in the Straits of Florida. Journal of Coastal Research, DOI: 10.2112/JCOASTRES-D-22A-00006

Bao, S., L.J. Pietrafesa, P. T. Gayes, S. Noble, B. Viner, J-H. Qian, D. Werth, G. Mitchell, S. Burdette, 2022. Mapping the Spatial Footprint of Sea Breeze Winds in the Southeastern United States. Earth and Space Sciencde open Access,

Pietrafesa, L.J., Bao, S., Gayes, P.T., and Askari, F., 2022, Possibility of Non-Local and Local Oil Spill Pollutions along the Shorelines of the Carolinas, in Margheny, M. Ed., Oils Spills, DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.106679

Pietrafesa, L.J. S. Bao, P.T. Gayes, G. Mitchell, S. Burdette, Viner, B., S. Noble, J-H Qian, D. Werth, 2022. Anatomy of South Carolina U.S.A. Coastal Sea Breeze 2019-2020: International Journal of Geosciences, v 13., N 7, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2022.137031

Shen, D. Bao, S., Piefrafesa, L.J. and Gayes, P.T., 2022 Improving Numerical Model Predicted Float Trajectories by Deep Learning Earth and Space Science 9(9) DOI: 10.1029/2022EA002362


Viner, B. Noble, S., Qian, J.H., Werth, D. Gayes, P.T., Pietrafesa, L.J., and Bao, S., 2021, Frequency and Characteristics of Inland Advecting Sea Breezes in the Southeast United States, Atmosphere, 12 (8), 950

L. J. Pietrafesa, P. T. Gayes, S. Bao, T. Yan, D. A. Dickey, D. D. Carpenter, T. G. Carver: 2021: On the Variability of Charleston South Carolina Winds, Atmospheric Temperatures, Water Levels, Waves and Precipitation, International Journal of Geoscience, V 12, N 5, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2021.125027


Pietrafesa, L.J., H. Zhang, S. Bao, P.T. Gayes, J. Hallstrom, 2019. On Coastal, Inland and Upland Flooding During Extreme Compound Events. Journal of Marine Science & Engineering, 7(10), 336;

Pietrafesa, L.J., D.A. Dickey, T.M. Henwood, P.T. Gayes, S. Bao, T.Y. Yan, 2019. Statistical & Empirical Analyses of Haiti Cholera, Disease Post Mortems. Journal of Environmental Science. Vol. 2, 2.

Gayes PT, Knapp CC, Knapp J, Brantley D, White S, Battista B, Spirek JD, Brown DM, Christian LM, Bradley RJ. 2019. Atlantic Offshore Wind Energy Development: Geophysical Mapping and Identification of Paleolandscapes and Historic Shipwrecks Offshore South Carolina. Conway (SC): US Department of the Interior, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management. OCS Study BOEM 2019- 008. 189 p.

Pietrafesa, L.J., Dickey, D.A., Henwood, T.M., Gayes, P.T., Bao, S. and Yan, T., 2019, Statistical and Empirical Analysis of Haiti Cholera Post Mortems, Journal of Environmental Science Current Research, DOI: 10.24966/ESCR-5020?100012.

Zhai, J., Hallstrom, J.O., Bao, S., Gayes, P., and Pietrafesa, L., 2019, "Mobile Infrastructure for Monitoring, Modeling, and Forecasting of Coastal Weather Events. Phase I: Building the Smart Drifter.; Journal of Computer and Communications, 07 (07) 85-99 DOI: 10.4236/jcc.2019.77009

Pietrafesa, L.J., Dickey, D.A., Henwood, T.M., Gayes, P.T., Bao, S. and Yan, T., 2019, Statistical and Empirical Analysis of Haiti Cholera Post Mortems, Journal of Environmental Science Current Research, DOI: 10.24966/ESCR-5020?100012

Pietrafesa, L.J., Zhang, H., Bao, S., Gayes, P.T. and Hallstrom, J., Coastal Flooding and Inundation and Inland Flooding due to Downstream Blocking, 2019, J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2019, 7(10),336; 


Pietrafesa, L., Miller, J.M. and Gayes, P.T, 2018, A Comparison of Fish Kills in the Pamlico River and Neuse River in Coastal North Carolina (A Symptom) and Abiotic Factors (The Root Cause). Ocean and.Fisheries.00/O DOI: 10.19080/OFOAJ.2018.07.555701FOAJ.201

Jisan, M.A., Bao, S., Pietrafesa, L.J., Shen, D., Gayes, P.T., Hallstrom, J., 2018. Hurricane Matthew (2016) and its impact under global warming scenarios. Model. Earth Syst. Environ. 1–13. .555701

Pietrafesa, L.J. and Gayes, P.T., 2018, Power Estimates of Coastal Zone Winds and Waves via Box, Whisker and Outlier Distributions at Atlantic Eastern Seaboard and Pacific Ocean Energy Sites, Oceanography and Fisheries, V. 7 Issue 3. DOI: 10.19080/OFOAJ.2018.07.555713

Mansur, A.J., Bao, S., Pietrafesa, L., Shen, D., Gayes, P.T. and Hallstrom, J., 2018, Hurricane Matthew (2016) and its impact under global warming scenarios, Modeling Earth Systems and Environment.

Anderson, E., Brantley, D., Knapp, C., Batista, B., Gayes, P.T., and Maschmeyer, C., 2018, Geomorphological Assessment of the North Myrtle Beach (SC) Continental Shelf for Wind Energy Development, Southeastern Geographer, V 58 (2) pp. 181-192

 Bao, S., Gayes, P.T., and Pietrafesa, L.J., 2018, The Need and Rationale for a Coastal Flood Risk Index OCEANS 2018 MTS/IEEE Charleston (Conference Proceedings) DOI: 10.1109/OCEANS.2018.8604927


Buster, N., Miselis, J., Okano, S., Gayes, P. and Hill, J., 2017, Coastal geophysical data collected in 2016 nearshore Cape Canaveral, Florida; US Geological Survey Digital Data Release, 


Pietrafesa L.J., Shaowu Bao, Huang NE, Gayes P.T, Yan T, and Slattery, M., (2016) Great Lakes Water Levels: Decomposing Time Series for Attribution. Advances in Data Science and Adaptive Analysis 08(02):1650009. DOI: 10.1142/S2424922X16500091


Pietrafesa, L.J., Slattery, M., Yan, T., Bao, S and Gayes, P.T, 2015, “On Sea Level Variability and Trends in United States Coastal Waters and Relationships with Climate Factors” Advances in Adaptive Data Analysis, 7, no. 01n02 (2015): 1550005.

Yan, T., S. Bao, P. T. Gayes, L. J. Pietrafesa and R. L. Nichols, 2015: Breaking wave simulation and verification - A case study of hurricane IRENE landing on Outer Banks, North Carolina. Int. Journal of Wind and Renewable Energy, Vol. 4 Issue 1: 16-28, ISSN: 2277-3975


Pietrafesa, L.J., Peng, M. Bao, S., Yan, T. and Gayes, P.T.; 2014 "Storm Induced Water Levels in Norfolk Virginia and Chesapeake Bay: A Model and Observations", Advances in Meteorology: Special Issue Verification of Hazardous Weather Events in Meteorological Model, J Coast Zone Manag 18:415. doi:10.4172/jczm.1000415

Schwab, W.C., Baldwin, W., Denny, J, Warner, J., Gayes, P.T., Hapke, C. and List, J., 2014, Modification of the Quaternary Stratigraphic Framework of the Inner Continental Shelf Offshore of Fire Island by Holocene Marine Transgression; An example offshore of Fire Island, New York. 2014, Marine Geology, DOI: 10.1016/j.margeo.2014.06.011

Yan, T., L. J. Pietrafesa, D. A. Dickey and P. T. Gayes, 2014: Seasonal Prediction of Landfall Hurricanes along East Seaboard of the United States. Int. Journal of Climatology DOI: 10.1002/joc.416

Yan, T., S. Bao, L. J. Pietrafesa and P. T. Gayes, 2014: Modal Inter-Comparisons between North Atlantic Accumulated Cyclone Energy and the Atlantic Multi-Decadal Oscillation, and the Pathology of the 2014 Hurricane Season. Special Issue: Weather Forecasting, Nature and Science.
DOI:10.4236/ns.2014.68059. Vol.6, No.8


Schwab, W.C., Baldwin, W.E., Hapke, C.J., Lentz, E.E., Gayes, P.T., Denny, J.F., List, J.H. and Warner, J.C., 2013, Geologic Evidence for Onshore Sediment Transport from the inner continental shelf: Fire Island, New York, Journal of Coastal Research. V.29, n 3, p 526-544,

J.F. Denny, W.C. Schwab, W.E. Baldwin, W.A Barnhardt, P.T. Gayes, R.A. Morton, J.C. Warner, N.W. Driscoll, M.S. Harris, E. E. Wright, G. Volgaris, M.P. Katuna, and T.R. Putney, 2013, Holocene Sediment Distribution on the Inner Continental Shelf of Northeastern South Carolina: Implications for the regional sediment budget and long-term shoreline response, Continental Research V 56, p. 56-70

Pietrafesa, L.J., Dickey, D.A., Gayes, P.T., Yan, T., Epps, J.M., Hagan, M., Boa, S., Peng, M., 2013, On Atmospheric-Oceanic-Land Temperature Variability and Trends, 2013, International Journal of Geoscience. V.4, n.2, p. 417-443.


A.L. Alkire, P.T. Gayes, C. Knapp and D.F. Williams, 2011, Depositional history and the effects of sea level rise on Thousand Acre Marsh, Georgetown, SC, USA, South Carolina Journal

Slattery, M., Bokuniewicz, H. and Gayes, P.T., 2011, Flash Rip Currents on Ocean Shoreline of Long Island, in; Leatherman, S. and Fletemeyer, eds., Rip Currents: Beach Safety Physical Oceanography and Wave Modeling, Chapter 2, p 31-45. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL
Viso, R., McCoy, C., Gayes, P.T., and Quafisi, D., 2010, Geological Controls on Submarine Groundwater Discharge in Long Bay, SC, Continental Shelf Research, V. 30, pp 335-341.


Crowe, S.E, Gayes, P.T., Viso, R.F., Bergquist, D.C., Jutte, P.C., and Van Dolah, R.F, 2010 Impact of the Charleston Ocean Dredged Material Disposal Site on nearby Hard Bottom Reef Habitats, Marine Pollution Bulletin 60 (2010) 679–691

Hapke, C.J., Lentz, E.E., Gayes, P.T., Williams, S.J., McCoy, C. and Schwab, W.C., 2010, A Review of Sediment Budget Imbalances along Fire Island, New York: Can Nearshore Geologic Framework and Patterns of Shoreline Change Explain the Deficit? Journal of Coastal Research- Volume 26, Issue 3 pp. 510-522

Springer, A., Knapp, C., Gayes, P.T., and Gardner, L.R., 2010, Correlation of Ground Penetrating Radar with Subsurface Stratigraphy to Forecast Affects from Rising Sea Level in a Brackish Marsh: Georgetown County, SC, USA, Southeastern Geology v.47, no.2, pp. 95-104.


Park, J-Y., Gayes, P.T., and Wells, J.T., 2009, Monitoring Beach Re-Nourishment along the Sediment Starved Shoreline of the Grand Strand, South Carolina, Journal of Coastal Research. v. 25, p 336- 349.


Hill, J.C., Gayes, P.T., Driscoll, N.W., Johnstone, E.A., and Sedberry, G, 2008, Iceberg scours along the southern U.S. Atlantic margin. Geology, v.36, no. 6, p 447-450.

Miselis, J., Gayes, P.T., McNinch, J., Goff, J., and Rodriguez, A., 2008, Synthesizing Shallow-Water Geophysical Data for Shoreline Evolution Models; EOS- Transactions American Geophysical Union, Vol. 89, No. 41


Hill, J.C., Driscoll, N.W., Brigham-Grette, J., Donelly, J.P., Gayes, P.T., and Keigwin, L.D., 2007. New evidence for high discharge to the Chukchi shelf since the Last Glacial Maximum, Quaternary Research, 68: 271-279.

Reynolds, B.M., Wren, P.A. and Gayes, P.T., ,2007, Decadal Evolution of Shoreface geometry in South Carolina, USA: in Krauss, N., ed, Coastal Sediments, Amer. Soc. Of Civil Eng., New Orleans

Barnhardt, W., Denny, J.F., Baldwin, W.E., Schwab, W.C., Morton, R, Gayes, P.T. and Driscoll, N, 2007, Geologic Framework of the Long Bay inner shelf: Implications for coastal evolution in South Carolina, in Krauss, N., ed, Coastal Sediments, Amer. Soc. Of Civil Eng., New Orleans


Baldwin, W.E., Morton, R.A., Putney, T.R., Katuna, M.P., Harris, M.S., Gayes, P.T., Driscoll, N.W., Denny, J.F., and Schwab, W.C., 2005, Migration of the Pee Dee River System Inferred from Ancestral Paleochannels Underlying the South Carolina Grand Strand and Long Bay Inner Shelf, Geological Society of America Bulletin, vol. 118, no. 5-6, pp. 533-549.

Gayes, P.T., Schwab, W.C. and Eiser, W.C., 2005, An Integrated Approach to Assessing Natural and Constructed Beach Systems: The South Carolina Coast (USA); 2005, in Bruun, P. (ed), Port and Coastal Engineering; Developments in Science and Technology; Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 46.p. 513-525.

Harris, M.S., Gayes, P.T., Kindinger, J.L., Flocks, J.G., Krantz, D.E. and Donovan, P, 2005 Quaternary Geomorphology and Modern Coastal Development in Response to an Inherent Geologic Framework: An Example from Folly Beach, South Carolina: Journal of Coastal Research, v. 21, No 1., p. 49-65.

G. M. Kent, J. M. Babcock, N. W. Driscoll, A. J. Harding, J. A. Dingler, G. G. Seitz, J. V. Gardner, L. A. Mayer, C. R. Goldman, A. C. Heyvaert, R. C. Richards, R. Karlin, C. W.Morgan, P. T. Gayes and L. A. Owen, 2005, A 60ka Record of Extension Across the Western Boundary of the Basin and Range Province: Estimate of Slip-Rates from Offset Shoreline Terraces and a Catastrophic Slide Beneath Lake Tahoe: Geology, v, n.5, p.


Ojeda, G. Y., Gayes, P.T., Van Dolah, R.F. and Schwab, W.C., 2004, Spatially Quantitative Seafloor Habitat Mapping: Example From the Northern South Carolina Inner Continental Shelf: Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, v. 59, p. 399-416.


Scott, D.B., Collins, E.C., Gayes, P.T. and Wright, E, 2003, Records of pre-historic hurricanes on the South Carolina coast based on micropaleontological and sedimentological evidence with comparison to other Atlantic coast records: Geological Society of America Bulletin, vol.115, no.9, pp.1027-1039, Sep 2003

Gayes, P.T., Schwab, W.C., Driscoll, N.W., Morton, R.A., Baldwin, W.E., Denny, J.J., Wright, E.E., Harris, M.S., Katuna, M.P. and Putney, T.R, 2003, Sediment Dispersal pathways and conceptual sediment budget for a sediment starved embayment: Long Bay: in Davis, R. Sallenger, A. and Howd, P., Coastal Sediments, American Society of Civil Engineers, St. Petersburg, FL

Bernstein, D.F., Freeman, C., Forte, M.F., Gayes, P.T., Park, J and Mitasova, H., 2003, Survey Design Analysis for three-dimensional mapping of beach and nearshore morphology: in Davis, R. Sallenger, A. and Howd, P, Coastal Sediments, Amer. Soc. Of Civil Eng., St. Petersburg, FL


Jutte, P.C., Van Dolah, R.F and Gayes, P.T., 2002, Recovery of benthic communities following offshore dredging Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, Shore and Beach, v. 70, no 3., pp 25-30.


Gayes, P.T., Baldwin, W.E., Van Dolah, R.F., Jutte, P.C., Eiser, W.C. and Hansen, M. 2001, Systematic Coastal Monitoring: The South Carolina Coast (USA): in Kraus, N.C and Larson, L., eds, Coastal Dynamics ’01, American Society of Civil Engineers, Lund, Sweden


Thieler, E.R, Gayes, P.T., Schwab, W.C. and Harris, M.S., 1999, Tracing Sediment Dispersal on Nourished Beaches: Two case studies; in, Kraus, N.C. and McDougal, W.G., Coastal Sediments ’99: American Society of Civil Engineers. V. 2, p. 2118- 2136. V 3. p. 2118-2136

Collins, E.S., Scott, D.B. and Gayes, P.T., 1999, Hurricane Records on the South Carolina coast: Can they be detected in the sediment record? Quaternary International, v. 56, p. 15-26


Collins, E.S., Scott, D.B., Gayes, P.T. and Medioli, F.S., 1995, Foraminifera in Winyah Bay and North Inlet, South Carolina: Relationship to Local Pollution Sources: Journal of Foraminiferal Research, v. 25, no. 3, p 212-223.

Scott, D.B., Gayes, P.T. and Collins, E.S., 1995, Mid-Holocene Precedent for a future rise in sea-level along the Atlantic coast of North America: Journal of Coastal Research: v. 11, n. 3, p. 615-622.


Gayes, P.T., Scott, D.B., Collins, E. and Nelson, D.D., 1993, A mid-Holocene sea level irregularity in South Carolina; in Wehmiller, J. and Fletcher, C., Quaternary Coasts of the United States: Marine and Lacustrine Systems: SEPM Special Publication #48.


Gayes, P.T., Nelson, D.D. and Ward, T., 1992, Ancestral Channels of the Pee Dee River on the inner continental shelf of South Carolina: South Carolina Geology, v. 34, p. 53-57.


Gayes, P.T. and Bokuniewicz, 1991, Estuarine Paleoshorelines in Long Island Sound, in Gayes, P.T., Lewis, R.S. and Bokuniewicz, H.J., eds., Quaternary Geology of Long Island Sound and Adjacent Coastal Areas, Journal of Coastal Research-SI No. 11., p. 39-55.

Gayes, P.T., Bokuniewicz, H.J. and Lewis, R., eds., 1991, Quaternary Geology of Long Island Sound and
Adjacent Coastal Areas: Journal of Coastal Research, SI No. 11, 227 p.

Gayes, P.T., 1991, Post-Hurricane Hugo Side Scan Sonar Survey; Impacts to Nearshore Morphology; in Pilkey, O. and Finkle, C., The Impacts of Hurricane Hugo-September 10-22, 1989, in Pilkey, O.H. and Finckle, C., eds., Journal of Coastal Research: SI 8, p. 95-113.


Gayes, P.T., Bokuniewicz, H.J. and Newman, W.S., 1987, Late Wisconsinan and Holocene fluctuations in sea level rise; Northeastern Environmental Science, v.6, n. 2, p. 69-75